Crop rotation isn’t just for huge scale gardens and homesteads. Every gardener can truly profit with his harvest by knowing the essential standards of crop rotation. From adjusting soil supplements to helping diminish the issues with pest and disease, crop rotation is pertinent even on a little scale.
Why you should rotate your plants?
According to Barbara Pleasant (Mother Earth News), field trials done in Europe and Connecticut ended up with a 40 percent drop in potato generation when fail to rotate the placement of potatoes with different products. This drop was expected for the most part to the diseases that were present.
Most diseases and pests support certain host plants. Host plants are frequently related, making them vulnerable to similar diseases and pests. This implies planting potatoes after potatoes, or tomatoes after potatoes (tomatoes are closely related to potatoes), could support the recovery and development of any pests and pathogens that overwintered in the dirt. Pivoting crops in view of family basically starves numerous irritations and infections, which require particular host plants to survive.
Regardless of the possibility that you take awesome care to keep your garden spotless and free from pests and diseases ridden plants, crop rotation additionally keeps supplements adjusted. Tomatoes are substantial nitrogen feeders. Regardless of the possibility that you reliably include natural material, similar to compost, to your garden, planting tomatoes in the same spot every year will bring about lower levels of nitrogen contrasted with different ranges of your garden.
Rodale’s Organic Life recommends keeping crop type in mind when planning a rotation for nutrient balance. Yields in a similar family tend to utilize supplements correspondingly. In more broad terms, verdant and fruiting plants have a tendency to be overwhelming feeders, sapping nitrogen from the dirt. Vegetables, similar to peas and beans, renew nitrogen, yet require a decent measure of phosphorus. What’s more, herbs and root vegetables, in correlation, are by and large light feeders.
How to rotate your crops
Ideally, you’ll want to allow at least two years to go by before replanting an area with the same crop, or a crop from the same family. For example: Year 1 – plant tomatoes, Year 2 – plant beans, Year 3 – plant cucumbers, Year 4 – plant tomatoes again.
In a smaller bed, rotating crops based on family may not be appropriate and you may not get the same advantages in pests and diseases prevention. However, even in a small garden, you will help keep your soil supplements in order by moving your plants around.
For smaller gardens, you should rotate crops in view of supplement needs: Leafy vegetables/fruiting plants, vegetables, or root vegetables/herbs. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you just grow a couple of yields every year, for example, peppers, tomatoes, and eggplants, which are for the most part fruiting plants and happen to be in a similar family, rotating may not be conceivable. If this is the case for you and you have no enthusiasm for growing extra harvests, you might need to consider leaving a segment of your garden neglected every year, revising it with manure and natural mulch. You could likewise utilize a cover trim, similar to clover, to reconstruct the dirt.
The best option is to make three separate beds. Two could be planted with a cover crop, and the third planted with the plants you want. Rotate plants from bed to bed every year, trailed by a cover crop for healthier plants, more beneficial soil, and an enhanced harvest.
If you plant an assortment of plants from different families, and have various beds, or one huge plot, you can rotate your harvests based on family, which is perfect. The trick is figuring out what’s connected. What’s more, to recall what you planted where a year ago, and the year prior to that. Taking pictures and notes can make the difference! When you get in a notch, you can basically repeat your rotations.
The nine basic family groups
- Onion family: onions, garlic, leeks and shallots
- Carrot family: carrots, celery, parsley and parsnips
- Sunflower family: lettuce, sunflowers and a few other leafy greens
- Cabbage family: cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale and many other leafy greens, as well as rutabagas and kohlrabi
- Spinach family: true spinach, beets and chard
- Cucumber family: cucumbers, melons, squash and gourds
- Pea family: peas and beans
- Grass family: corn, wheat, oats and rye
- Tomato family: tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and potatoes
Do somewhat more research particular to the plants you need to grow and discover which supplements those plants utilize all the more promptly, and how many days to reap are required. Utilize what you learn on how to make a crop rotation plan for the coming years.