November is a key month for planting new fruit trees, especially if you have bought bare-rooted plants, which can only be planted when dormant. The same applies to new fruit bushes and canes, and to outdoor grape vines. As far as vegetables go, there’s little you can sow or plant. Unless you have a heated greenhouse, broad beans, garlic, and rhubarb are all you’ll need to think about.
Plant garlic cloves now. If you leave it until next month, the ground may become too hard or too wet, in which case you should wait until February or even March – though that won’t leave so long for the bulbs to fatten up.
Rhubarb is dormant now, so it is a good time to buy and plant new sets or propagate from established plants. Spread well-rotted compost around the stems but don’t cover the crowns.
Plant new, bare-rooted vines this month or wait until next spring, ideally March.
Raspberries and blackberries
Plant new, bare-rooted canes of raspberries, blackberries, and hybrid berries – preferably in holes or trenches that you have previously dug and filled with well-rotted compost or manure.
Currants and gooseberries
Plant new, bare-rooted bushes this month or next. Container-grown bushes can be planted at any time of year, but autumn is an ideal month to get them in the ground.
Bare-rooted cherries and plums can be planted at any time between November and January, and apples and pears between November and March. That said, November is considered to be the optimum time, especially in areas where the ground is likely to freeze hard.
- Grape vines
If you didn’t do so last month, sow seeds of “early”, overwintering varieties now – either in the ground or in pots in a cold frame. Otherwise, wait until the new year, when you can sow “late” broad beans for harvesting in July and August.